History

History

The 12th Design Thinking Research Symposium (DTRS11) is hosted by the School of Design & Human Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science & Technology (UNIST). The DTRS12 follows a long tradition of unique meetings and collaborations amongst international design researchers sharing and synthesizing cross-disciplinary work.

DTRS12 will be held from the 15th to the 16th November 2016.

The History of the Design Thinking Research Symposium

The series of symposia was initiated by Nigel Cross with Norbert Roozenburg and Kees Dorst at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, in 1991, with what was initially expected to be a one-off international meeting on ‘Research in Design Thinking’. But the content and format of that meeting were felt by the participants to be so good as to warrant more of the same. So a second meeting was also held in Delft, in 1994, focused on the use of protocol analysis as a research tool for analysing design activity. This became known as the ‘Delft Protocols Workshop’. For the first time in design research, a common data set (videotapes of both individual and team design activity) was provided to researchers around the world, for their own analyses, presented at the workshop.

A third meeting was held at the Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, in 1996, on the topic of descriptive models of design, and the fourth meeting was held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, USA, in 1999, on the topic of design representation. It was there that the organisers introduced the term ‘Design Thinking Research Symposium’ as the generic title for the series. The fifth meeting was again in Delft, in 2001, on the topic of design in context, and developing an interdisciplinary approach to studying design in a broader social context.

The sixth symposium, at the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, 2003, returned to somewhere near the focus of the original meeting in Delft in 1991, on the nature and the nurture of expert performance in design. This workshop meeting brought together a relatively small, international group of active researchers. Throughout this series of symposia, this workshop format has been found to be a successful way of synthesising the contributions of an international community, of reporting current work, and of identifying and promoting necessary further research.

A seventh meeting DTRS7 on analysing design meetings was held at Central St. Martin’s College, University of the Arts, London in 2007. This was again a small, focused workshop meeting, and again providing researchers worldwide with a common data set for analysis – this time video recordings of meetings within architectural and engineering product design teams.

A meeting adopting the same principle of analysing a common data set was held as a National Science Foundation Workshop at the University of California, Irvine, USA, in February 2010, on ‘Studying Professional Software Design’. The data provided were video recordings of pairs of software designers tackling the same design task.

The eighth DTRS meeting, ‘Interpreting Design Thinking’ was again held in Sydney, Australia, in October 2010, and invited interdisciplinary contributions linking design to other disciplines. This meeting acknowledged the growing role of design thinking in business, industry, social services and elsewhere.

DTRS9 ‘Articulating Design Thinking’ was held at the University of Northumbria, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, in April 2012. Contributors to the meeting analysed different responses to a given design task related to inclusive design.

The tenth meeting at Purdue University, Indiana, USA, in October 2014, focused on analysis of design review meetings between teacher and students.

The eleventh DTRS conference was hosted by the Copenhagen Business School (CBS). The shared dataset included a professional design team solving a specific design task for a worldwide manufacturer within the automotive industry with a regional department in Scandinavia.

The series of meetings has produced a substantial set of publications (see below) in books and journals, with significant research results, and has helped to foster an international community of scholars and researchers focused on design cognition.

Topics in previous DTRS

  • • DTRS11: Analysing Design Thinking: Studies of Cross-Cultural Co-Creation. Copenhagen School of Business, Denmark, in November 2016.
  • • DTRS10: DESIGN REVIEW CONVERSATIONS. Purdue University, Indiana, USA, in October 2014.
  • • DTRS9: ARTICULATING DESIGN THINKING. University of Northumbria, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, in April 2012.
  • • DTRS8: INTERPRETING DESIGN THINKING. University of Technology, Sydney, Australia in October 2010.
  • • DTRS7: ANALYZING DESIGN MEETINGS. Central St. Martin’s College, University of the Arts, London in 2007.
  • • DTRS6: THE NATURE AND THE NURTURE OF EXPERT PERFORMANCE IN DESIGN. University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, 2003.
  • • DTRS5: DESIGN IN CONTEXT. Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, 2001.
  • • DTRS4: DESIGN REPRESENTATION. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, USA in 1999.
  • • DTRS3: DESCRIPTIVE MODELS OF DESIGN. Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, in 1996.
  • • DTRS2: DELFT PROTOCOLS WORKSHOP. Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands in 1994.
  • • DTRS1: RESEARCH IN DESIGN THINKING. Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands in 1991.

The Design Thinking Research Symposium series has produced a significant set of publications in journals and books since the first DTRS workshop in 1991. The proceedings from the DTRS series form a continuing archive of research in design thinking.

Publications from previous DTRS conferences*

The published output from the symposia series includes:

DTRS1. Cross, N., Dorst, K., & Roozenburg, N. (Eds.) (1992) Research in Design Thinking. Delft: Delft University Press.

DTRS2. Cross, N., Christiaans, H., & Dorst, K. (Eds.) (1996) Analysing Design Activity, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.*

Dorst, K. (Ed.) (1995). ‘Analysing Design Activity’, special issue of Design Studies, 16 (2).

DTRS3. Akin, Ö. (ed.) (1997). ‘Descriptive Models of Design’, special issue of Design Studies, 18 (4).

Akin, Ö. (ed.) (1998). ‘Models of Design’, special issue of Automation in Construction, 7 (2/3).

DTRS4. Goldschmidt, G., & Porter, W.L. (Eds.) (2004). Design representation. London: Springer Verlag.

Goldschmidt, G., & Porter, W.L. (Eds.) (2000). ‘Visual Design Representation’, special issue of Design Studies, 21 (5).

Goldschmidt, G., & Porter, W.L. (Eds.) (2001). ‘Design Representation’, special issue of Automation in Construction, 20, (6).

DTRS5. Lloyd, P., & Christiaans, H. (eds.) (2001). Designing in Context, Delft: Delft University Press.

Lloyd, P. (2003) ‘Designing in Context’, special issue of the Design Studies, 24 (3).

DTRS6. Cross, N., & Edmonds, E. (Eds.) (2003). Expertise in Design: design thinking research symposium 6. Sydney: Creativity and Cognition Studios Press..

Cross, N (Ed.). (2004) ‘Expertise in Design’, special Issue of Design Studies, 25 (5).

DTRS7. McDonnell, J., & Lloyd, P. (Eds.) (2009). About: Designing – Analysing Design Meetings. London: Taylor & Francis.*

McDonnell, J., & Lloyd, P. (Eds.) (2009). ‘Analysing Design Conversations’, special issue of CoDesign, 5 (1).*

Lloyd, P., & McDonnell, J. (Eds.) (2009). ‘Values in the Design Process’, special issue of Design Studies, 29 (2).*

SPSD. Petre, M., & Van Der Hoek, A. (2013). Software Designers in Action: A Human-Centric Look at Design Work. Leiden: CRC Press.*

Petre, M., van der Hoek, A., & Baker, A. (Eds.) (2010) ‘Studying Professional Software Design’, special issue of Design Studies, 31 (6).

DTRS8. Stewart, S. (Ed.) (2011). ‘Interpreting Design Thinking’, special issue of Design Studies, 32 (6).

DTRS9. Rodgers, P. (Ed.) (2012). Articulating Design Thinking, Faringdon: Libri Publishing.

Rodgers, P. (Ed.) (2013). ‘Articulating Design Thinking’, special issue of Design Studies, 34 (4).

DTRS10. Adams, R., & Buzzanel, P. (Eds.) (2016). Analyzing Design Review Conversations. Indiana: Purdue University Press.*

Adams, R., McMullen, S., & Fosmire, M. (Eds.) (2011). Co-designing review conversations – visual and material dimensions. Special issue of CoDesign, 12, (1-2).

DTRS11 Christensen, B.T., Ball, L.J., & Halskov, K. (2017). Analysing Design Thinking: Studies of Cross-Cultural Co-Creation. Leiden: CRC Press.*

DTRS12* …